Performance Analyses of Fatty Acids in Reactive Distillation Process for Biodiesel Production

Abdulwahab, GIWA and Alhassan, BELLO and Saidat, Olanipekun GIWA (2014) Performance Analyses of Fatty Acids in Reactive Distillation Process for Biodiesel Production. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 5 (12). pp. 529-540. ISSN 2229-5518

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Different materials are used for biodiesel production via esterification or transesterificationprocesses. In esterification reaction, an organic acid is reacted with an alcohol to produce an ester (biodiesel) and water (by-product). It then implies that the fatty acid used determines the type and the purity of the biodiesel obtained. As such, the performances of the fatty acids available and used for biodiesel production are not, of course, likely to be the same. So, i t is good to have some knowledge about the performances of the fatty acids available for biodiesel production so as to know the type of a fatty acid to choose for the production of a particular biodiesel product at any time. Therefore, this work has been carried out to investigate the performances of some fatty acids used for the production of biodiesel using reactive distillation column. The fatty acids considered were oleic acid, which was discovered, according to Kusmiyati and Sugiharto (2010), to give biodiesel that had the quality required to be a diesel substitute, and some other ones (stearic acid, linoleic acid and palmitic acid) found to be present in jatropha oil. Methanol was used as the alcohol of the reaction. The study was carried out with the aid of Aspen HYSYS that was used to develop the model of the reactive distillation column in which both the reaction for biodiesel production and the separation of the unreacted materials and by-products were simultaneously carried out. The results obtained from the study revealed that, among the fatty acids investigated, the one with the highest performance was palmitic acid because it was able

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel, Reactive Distillation, Aspen HYSYS, Oleic acid, Stearic Acid, Linoleic acid, Palmitic Acid
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TS Manufactures
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Victor Sebiotimo
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2019 12:42
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2019 12:42

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