Genetic Analysis of Effect of Heat Stress on Genomic DNA from Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp.)

Onasanya, Amos and Obafemi, T. O. and Ojo, A. A. and Abu, M. E. and Prebor, A. D. and Omokhuale, F. M. and Afolabi, B. A. and Afolabi, A. and Falode, J. A. (2015) Genetic Analysis of Effect of Heat Stress on Genomic DNA from Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp.). Journal of Advances in Biology & Biotechnology, 4 (4). pp. 1-14. ISSN 2394-1081

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Aims: Genetic analysis was used to study the effect of heat stress on young seedlings of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp.). Study Design: Four different colors of cowpea seeds (white, dirty white, deep brown and light brown) were obtained from GeneBank of International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) Ibadan, Nigeria. Seeds from each of the cowpea four colors were first pre-germinated and young seedlings subjected to DNA extraction. Extracted DNA subjected to different temperature treatments at 75°C and 100°C for one hour and control not heated. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Chemical Sciences Afe Babalola University Ado Ekiti, Nigeria between January 2015 and June 2015. Methodology: UV wavelength absorption spectrum analysis (A200 – A960) was carried out on control DNA and DNA heated at 75°C and 100°C respectively. Cl uster analysis of optical density (OD) data was carried out to establish the relationship between control DNA and heat treated DNA (75°C and 100°C). Results: DNA concentrations of Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp. were between 0.40 to 1.15 mg/ml, 0.33 to 0.84 mg/ml, and 0.26 to 0.89 mg/ml for control and heat treatments of 75°C and 100°C respectively. DNA UV absorption spectra of control and heat treatments of 75°C and 100°C were generally different due to differential UV wavelength absorption. Cluster analysis revealed three different clusters (cluster 1, cluster 2 and cluster 3) among control DNA and heat treated DNA. Cluster 1 comprised of V1-control, V1-75°C and V1-10 0°C, with V1-75°C and V1-100°C having similar characters. Cluster 2 was made up of V4-control, V4-75°C and V4-100°C, with V4-75°C and V4-100°C having the same characters. Cluster 3 was largel y characterized by dissimilar DNA extracts of V3-75°C, V2-control, V3-100°C, V2-100°C, V 3-control and V2-75°C. Conclusion: Genetic diversity among individual Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp. accession DNA as obtained in this study could possibly be as a result of variations in heat tolerance among dissimilar cowpea genomic compositions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Absorption; clusters; germplasm; spectra; diversity.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QP Physiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Mr Tayo Okunlola
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2016 14:12
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2016 14:12

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