Farmers adaptation strategies to the effect of climate variation on yam production in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Oluwasusi, J.O. (2013) Farmers adaptation strategies to the effect of climate variation on yam production in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 11 (2). pp. 724-728.

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Abstract

The study investigated farmers adaptation strategies to the effect of climate variation on yam production in Ekiti State with the specific objectives of assessing the socio-economic characteristics of farmers, farmers’ climate related constraints, the adaptation strategies employed by farmers, and yam farmers’ level of production across the years 2008, 2009 and 2010. Multistage sampling technique was used to select one hundred and fifty one respondents from the list of contact farmers obtained from the state Agricultural Development Programme (ADP). Data was collected through structured interview schedule, analysed using frequency counts, percentages, Chi-square and Pearson Product Moment Correlation. Results obtained showed that farmers in the study area were mostly males with a mean age of 53.9 years. Chi-square analysis revealed that there was a significant relationship between secondary occupation (χ2 = 14.068), farm size (χ2 = 99.597) and the level of production of yam farmers. Pearson product moment correlation indicated that there was significant and positive relationship between age (r= 0.160), adaptation strategies (r= 0.158) and level of production, while negative relationship was found between constraints (r = -0.173) and the level of yam production. ANOVA showed a significant difference in the level of production of farmers across the years; 2008, 2009 and 2010 (F = 212.7). Therefore, efforts should be geared towards developing and making available, yam seeds and tubers that are tolerant to change in climate elements and weather extremes like flood and drought. These findings suggest the need for more environmental education, prompt weather information and sustainable yam cropping.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate variation, constraints, adaptation.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Tayo Okunlola
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2016 09:31
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2016 09:31
URI: http://eprints.abuad.edu.ng/id/eprint/1204

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