Disseminated Intravascular Coagulopathy; a Condition to Monitor in the Management of Leukaemia Patients

Akanni, Olufemi E. and E. Oluwaseyi, Bamisaye and N. Olawale, Yusuf and Ibn AbdulAzeez, AbdulAzeez and Azuka, Njoku and Adebisi, Adetola and A. Olubunmi, Ajayi (2018) Disseminated Intravascular Coagulopathy; a Condition to Monitor in the Management of Leukaemia Patients. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 26 (9). pp. 1-6. ISSN 2456 - 8899

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Background: Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy is a consumption coagulopathy which mostly results from an underlying disease. It occurs as a result of the activation of the coagulation cascade leading to the formation of thrombi which results in haemorrhage due to the excessive consumption of platelet and coagulation factors. Mali gnancy is associated with hypercoagulable state and increased risk for thrombohemorrhagic complications and leukaemia is no exception. Bleeding manifestations are common in acute leukemias, especially in acute myeloblastic leukemia, and are prominent featu res of an initial stage of the disease. This study assessed disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC) in leukaemia patients in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: One hundred and sixteen (116) subjects consisting of 58 leukaemic subjects (AML, CLL, and CM L) and 58 age and sex - matched healthy control subjects were recruited into the study. The parameters estimated in this study were packed cell volume (PCV), platelet count, white blood cell count (WBC), prothrombin time (PT), the international normalised ra tio (INR), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and D - dimer assay. Result s : The mean ± SD values of the parameters assessed in the leukaemia patients include 3.7±3.1 μg FEU/mL, 67.5±55.7 seconds, 1.8±0.1, 77.3±31.8 seconds, 194±103 cells/mm 3 , 74±124 cells/mm 3 , 30±5% for D - dimer, PT, INR, aPTT, platelets, WBC and PCV respectively. The results display a significant statistical difference between the leukaemic and the control subjects (p<0.05). Conclusion: The abnormality of these haemostatic par ameters occurring in the leukaemic subjects (AML, CLL, and CML) is highly indicative of the occurrence of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy in these patients. This study, therefore, shows that disseminated intravascular coagulopathy can occur as a co mplication of various types of leukaemia studied and this requires prompt and appropriate management.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Disseminated intravascular coagulation; leukaemia; malignancy and haemostasis.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Mr. Victor Sebiotimo
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2019 11:01
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2019 11:01
URI: http://eprints.abuad.edu.ng/id/eprint/390

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