Effect of Lead Mining Activities on Crop Plants and Water: A Case Study of Tunga Tsauni, Gurara, Niger State, Nigeria

Ibrahim, A.A and Jimoh, A. and Okafor, J.O and Abdulkareem, A.S and GIWA, Abdulwahab (2013) Effect of Lead Mining Activities on Crop Plants and Water: A Case Study of Tunga Tsauni, Gurara, Niger State, Nigeria. Effect of Lead Mining Activities on Crop Plants and Water: A Case Study of Tunga Tsauni, Gurara, Niger State, Nigeria, 2 (12). pp. 755-765. ISSN 2278-0181

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Abstract

Lead mining activities have been identified in Tunga Tsauni, Gurara Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria. This study has been carried out to find outthe impacts of the mining activities, especially those due to lead, on the ecological system and the inhabitants of the immediate environment.Using the samples taken at varying distances from the mining site, the effectsof the mining activities onwater and crop plantsat the mining environs were investigatedby testing for the presence as well as the concentration of lead. Furthermore, the values of the lead concentrations obtained were compared with the set limits (standard) of World Health Organization.It was discovered from the results obtained that most of the water samples were polluted with lead and, thus, unsafe for domestic use and aquatic life. Also, the concentration of the lead in the crop plants was found to be higher than that of thecontrolsample. It has, thus, been discovered that the mining activities of lead have significant effects on the crop plants and the water in the mining area (Tunga Tsauni) of Niger State because the soil and the water in the area were found to be contaminated with lead, which is toxic and dangerous. Therefore, there is the need for urgent and serious measures to regulate the mining activities at the site in order to significantly reduce the effects of this poisonous substance (lead) on the crop plants and the water of the area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lead, heavy metals, crop plant, water, Tunga Tsauni.
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Tayo Okunlola
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2015 13:43
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2015 13:43
URI: http://eprints.abuad.edu.ng/id/eprint/448

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