Medicinal Values on Citrullus lanatus (Watermelon): Pharmacological Review

Erhirhie, EO. and Ekene, NE. (2014) Medicinal Values on Citrullus lanatus (Watermelon): Pharmacological Review. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, 4 (4). pp. 1305-1312. ISSN 2229-3701

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The use of herbal products is of global importance because of their low side effects, accessibility and affordability when compared with conventional medicine. Citrallus lanatus (water melon) is popular in indigenous system of folk medicine and it is known to contain bioactive compounds such as cucurbitacin, triterpenes, sterols and alkaloids, vitamins, minerals. Traditionally Citrallus lanatus had been reportedly used as purgative and emetic in high dose, vermifuge, demulcent, diuretic and tonic. The seed is used in the treatment of urinary tract infections, bed wetting, dropsy and renal stones, alcohol poisoning, hypertension, diabetic, diarrhoea and gonorrhoea. This review unveils the current experimental research on its biological activities which substantiate its ethno medicinal claims. Biological activities reviewed include; antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-plasmodial, anti-inflammatory, anti-Prostatic Hyperplasia activity, antigiardial activity, anti-oxidant, analgesic properties,its effects on the histology of the kidney of adult Wistar rats, antisecretory, antidiabetic, laxative,antiulcerogenis and hepatoprotective activities. In view of its wide pharmacological and biological activities, it’s traditionally reported therapeutic potential such as, antihypertensive, antidirrhoeal, as well as itsin-depth toxicity studies, among others, are yetto be experimented. These should be put into consideration in current researches.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Citrullus lanatus, traditional medicine, water melon, bioactivity.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Tayo Okunlola
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2016 12:31
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2016 12:31

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