Otological manifestation of temporomandibular joint disorder in Ekiti, a sub-Saharan African country

Adegbiji, Waheed Atilade and Olajide, Gabriel Toye and Agbesanwa, Anthony Tosin and Banjo, Omotola Oluwaseyi (2021) Otological manifestation of temporomandibular joint disorder in Ekiti, a sub-Saharan African country. Journal of International Medical Research, 49 (2). pp. 1-9.

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Objective: To determine the prevalence, sociodemographic features, and clinical presentation of temporomandibular joint disorder in otorhinolaryngological practice. Methods: This prospective hospital-based study involved patients diagnosed with temporomandibular joint disorder in our institution’s ear, nose, and throat department. Data for this study were obtained from the patients using pretested interviewer-assisted questionnaires. Results: The prevalence of temporomandibular joint disorder in this study was 1.3%. The study population included 17 (26.2%) male patients with a male:female ratio of 1.0:2.8. Joint disorder accounted for 75.4% of all disorders, while both mastication muscle and joint disorder accounted for 21.5%. A majority of the patients (47.7%) presented between weeks 1 and 13 of the illness. Unilateral temporomandibular joint disorder accounted for 98.5% of all disorders. The main otologic clinical features were earache and a dull tympanic membrane in 100% and 35.4% of patients, respectively. Middle ear assessment revealed type A in 73.8% of patients and type B in 20.0% according to Jerger’s classification system of tympanometry. Most patients (81.5%) were referred by their family physician. All patients had undergone prehospital treatment prior to presentation. Conclusion: Temporomandibular joint disorder is a common presentation in medical practice. Common clinical features include ear, joint, and mastication muscle disorders.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Temporomandibular joint disorder, otorhinolaryngology, earache, otological manifestations, tympanometry, Ekiti
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RD Surgery
R Medicine > RF Otorhinolaryngology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Mrs Oluwafunmilola Bankole
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2021 05:44
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2021 05:44
URI: http://eprints.abuad.edu.ng/id/eprint/864

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