Adegbiji, Waheed Atilade and Olajide, Gabriel Toye and Olajuyin, Anthony Oyebanji and Ajite, Olumide Kayode and Aremu, Shuaib Kayode (2018) CLINICOEPIDEMIOLOGICAL PATTERN OF ALLERGIC RHINITIS IN ADULTS IN ADO-EKITI, NIGERIA. NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY, 16 (2). pp. 1-9. ISSN 2616-0862

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Background/Aims: Allergic rhinitis is one of the seasonal allergic rhinitis in this study was noted to be commonest diseases with 45.2% and 54.8% respectively. There was family significant morbidity, complications and impact history of allergic rhinitis in 58.4% of our patients. quality of life of the sufferers worldwide. All the patients presented with nasal symptoms, of which nasal blockage accounted for 87.5%. This study aimed at determining the prevalence, socio-demographic features, trigger factors, clinical Majority of the patients had one or more form of features, complications, quality of life and associated associated comorbid illnesses with allergic rhinitis. comorbid illnesses among allergic rhinitis patients These include 22.6% recurrent tonsillitis, 17.7% attending Ekiti state university teaching hospital, Ado adenoid hypertrophy and 15.7% inferior turbinate Ekiti, south west Nigeria. hypertrophy. Methodology: This is a prospective hospital based The main quality of life affected in this study includes study of all patients with a clinical diagnosis of allergic sleep disturbance, social functioning and depression rhinitis at Ekiti state university teaching hospital, Ado which accounted for 37.4%, 32.5% and 24.6% Ekiti. The study was carried out over a period of 2 respectively. years (between January 2014 and December 2016). I n f o rme d c o n s e n t wa s o b t a i n e d f r om Nonsurgical treatments were offered to 53.8% patients/parents/guardian. Data was obtained by patients. Most frequently type of surgical procedures using interviewer assisted questionnaire, which has performed in this study were antral lavage in 26.9% been pre tested. The data obtained were collated and patients; partial turbinectomy in 20.0%and 9.5% had analyzed by using SPSS statistical software version tonsillectomy. 16.0. Ethical clearance was sought for and obtained from ethical committee of the institution. Conclusion: This study revealed that allergic rhinitis is one of the common ear, nose and throat diseases Results: A total of 4,341 patients were seen at ear, nose affecting all ages in our center. At presentation and throat department out of which 305 patients had a majority of the cases were associated with comorbid clinical diagnosis of Allergic rhinitis. The prevalence illnesses, complications and impact on quality of life. of allergic rhinitis in this study was 7.0%. There was Early identification, referral of patient to a specialist male preponderance of 63.0%over female sex with for prompt treatment is very important to reduce Male to female ratio 2:1. Large percentages (88.9%) of morbidity. patients in this study were able to identify their allergens (triggers). The commonest triggering factors

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Allergic rhinitis, Allergens, ARIA Perennial and classification, Quality of life, complication.
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
R Medicine > RF Otorhinolaryngology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Mrs Oluwafunmilola Bankole
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2021 08:56
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2021 08:56

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